Tag Archives: women

Women: Thigh Muscles and Knee Osteoarthritis

Author: Chrisanne Sternalthigh strengthening

Researchers at the University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics found that women with the strongest quadriceps muscles appeared to be protected against the development of knee osteoarthritis (OA).

Timothy Spaulding, a Top Health Blogger for the Arthritis Community on Well sphere  and author of the  Current Arthritis News and Research Blog  explains the study’s results:

“The team, led by Neil Segal, M.D., M.S., followed over 3,000 women and men over a 2 ½ year period in the Multicenter Knee Osteoarthritis Study (MOST). The participants were between the ages of 50 and 79 years.

The goal of the study was to determine whether knee extensor strength would be a predictor of radiographic OA or symptomatic OA. Radiographic osteoarthritis is OA that can be determined through X-ray. Symptomatic osteoarthritis is OA that is determined by symptoms of pain, stiffness and aching on most days of the month.

Participants were evaluated for thigh muscle strength using a device that measures the strength of different muscle groups. X-rays were taken at the beginning of the study and at the end to determine whether there was evidence of OA. The participants were also surveyed at the beginning and end of the study to establish if frequent pain, aching or stiffness was present in the knee.

By the end of the study 5% men (48 of 680) and 10%women (93 of 937) developed OA detected by x-ray. In addition, at the conclusion of the study 10.1% of women and 7.8% of men displayed signs of symptomatic knee OA.

“Our results showed thigh muscle strength was not a significant predictor of radiographic knee OA,” concluded the authors.

“Women in the top third of thigh muscle strength had a lower incidence of symptomatic knee OA, while men with strong thigh muscles had only slightly better odds of developing OA symptoms compared to men with weaker thigh muscles.”

Details of this study appear in the September issue of  Arthritis Care & Research.

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Women and Their Nutrition…very Important to All of Us!

AuthoCB101828r: Chuck Arnone

Many of our readers asked for simple nutrition tips for women.  Women today are busier than ever before. Their stress is exacerbated by today’s fast paced, pre-packaged, convenience based society and the toxins that come from antibiotics and household cleaners.  Iron-deficiency anemia is very common in young women. Women need nutrition and they need to be CLEAN from toxins. Here’s a nutrition tip for all women — berries are your friends.

While women’s role in the food chain is essential to produce that all-important resource, food, it paradoxically does not guarantee women even minimum levels of nutrition.  Women are often responsible for producing and preparing food for the household, so their knowledge  or lack thereof  about nutritions effect on the entire family.  Women with adequate stores of iron and other micronutrients are less likely to suffer fatal infections and are more likely to survive bleeding during and after childbirth.  Women in developing countries are also regularly deficient in vitamin A, iodine, and energy.  Women of child-bearing age are recommended to take folic acid supplements and consume a folic-rich diet.  Women are also at higher risk for developing osteoporosis and need more calcium and vitamin D to prevent it.  Studies showed that women with vitamin D insufficiency absorb less than 10 percent of available calcium.

However, even among the poor, different groups of women are affected differently by macro development policies, such as the commercialization of agriculture or family planning.  The conflict between women’s (economic) earning role and (biological and social) mothering role results to some degree in a squeeze on child care, with consequences for child health and nutrition.  While women will be mothers too, motherhood is just one part of the inexorable life cycle.  We need programs to increase women’s awareness, self-confidence, and motivation to act.  Men must be educated about the cost to society of neglecting women and the need for affirmative action for women, which arises both from the fact of their greater work burden and their unique reproductive roles.  The issue of women’s nutrition status and roles is crucial to the proposal for nutrition as a basic right for all in the 1990s, in which human development goals are paramount over economic goals.  Programming for women’s health must extend beyond their role as mothers to encompass their non-reproductive and work-related energy and health needs.

The nutrition tips for women broadcast on the news often imply that nutrition may magically cure all kinds of diseases.  The role of nutrition is to feed our bodies.  1 nutrition tip for women is to regularly include iron-rich foods such as meat, shellfish, beans and enriched cereals in your diet.  The effects of high levels of protein-energy malnutrition and anemia among women.  The nutritional handicap accumulated in the life of a woman is passed on to the next generation through low birth weight, which considerably reduces survival and jeopardizes growth.  The ultimate constraint of time affects the extent to which women can acquire nutritional goods and services and allocate them to improving their own well-being or that of their families.  The best way to give your body the balanced nutrition it needs is by eating a variety of nutrient-packed foods every day.  In some respects, men and women have different nutritional needs, largely due to differences in male and female hormones.

“If you look at the current federal dietary guidelines for kids, there is no difference in nutritional needs for males and females until age 9,” says Elaine Turner, PhD, RD, associate professor in the department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at the University of Florida in Gainesville.  Pregnancy drives the role of women and nutrition.  If you need fewer calories, the calories you take in need to pack a lot of nutritional punch.  One way that traditionally-minded woman can continue to keep their strength and health within the cycles of the creation,is through the use of berry plants.  Remember, too that although berry plants have much nutritional value, they are only meant to supplement and enhance a well-balanced diet.

Anemia is the most common form of malnutrition, afflicting an estimated 47 percent of women worldwide, and anemia in pregnancy is one of the leading causes of maternal death.  For maximum effect, improving women’s nutrition should begin long before pregnancy.  Improving nutrition by maintaining a healthy diet before and during pregnancy and also during lactation can help to ensure adequate gestational weight gain, prevent weight loss during lactation, help strengthen the immune system, and delay HIV disease progression.  Good nutrition is important for all pregnant and lactating women irrespective of their HIV status. Ignorance about the symptoms of malnutrition, such as the lethargy and depression caused by iron deficiency, may be dismissed as “normal” or unimportant, further exacerbating the problem.  Addressing women’s malnutrition has a range of positive effects because healthy women can fulfill their multiple roles  generating income, ensuring their families’ nutrition, and having healthy children  more effectively and thereby help advance countries’ socioeconomic development.  Well-nourished mothers are more likely to have infants with healthy birth weights, and such children are less likely to ever suffer from malnutrition.  For reasons including women’s reproductive biology, low social status, poverty, and lack of education, they suffer from nutritional imbalances.  After the first year of life adolescent girls are particularly vulnerable to malnutrition.